Uganda is an East African
inland country with 38 million inhabitants. In terms of area, it is about the same
size as the old Länder of the Federal Republic of Germany. In 1962, it gained independence
from the United Kingdom.
Kampala, the capital, is with almost 2 million inhabitants the largest city of the country. The international airport is located in the city of Entebbe, directly on Lake Victoria. Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and the second largest freshwater lake in the world.
The exceptionally varied landscape shows up in u.a. mountains of 5,000 meters altitude, waterfalls, savannahs and primeval forests. The plant and animal world is one of the most species-rich ever. Pleasant temperatures averaging 20-27 degrees Celsius are due to the proximity to the equator. There are no seasons, but a division into rainy and dry season.
With a median age of 15, Uganda has the youngest population in the world. More than 40 local languages are still spoken in the country, with the official language being English and, since 2005, also being Swahili. In the central region around Kampala and Entebbe people speak mainly Luganda. Almost 80% of the people in the country live from agriculture. Over 85% of the population is located in rural areas. There are only a few regularly paid jobs and they have to fight for survival on a daily basis. The average income per capita per day is just over $ 1. The people are very open-minded, helpful and always have a smile on their face.
(Sources: Bradt Travel Guide Uganda (2013); Human Development Report)